When faced with the challenge of supporting students to do the “messy” mathematical work necessary for exploring social justice problems through critical mathematical inquiry, teachers might rely on more procedural or direct instruction. Because how students learn matters as much as what they learn, this can inadvertently limit students’ engagement with mathematics. Instructional strategies designed to foster equitable collaboration can support critical mathematical inquiry by promoting norms for equitable student engagement and mathematics identity development. As teachers and students negotiate what counts as mathematics engagement and who has access to mathematics, students’ authority over mathematics and social justice issues increases.
Harper, F. K. (2019). Collaboration and Critical Mathematical Inquiry: Negotiating Mathematics Engagement, Identity, and Agency. Occasional Paper Series, 2019 (41). https://educate.bankstreet.edu/occasional-paper-series/vol2019/iss41/5
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